The ERVA MATE

Erva Mate (Ilex paraguariensis)

Árvore de Erva Mate

The plant can reach forty feet tall. Has gray stems, oval leaves and small green or purplish-red fruit. Erva mate leaves are utilized in cooking. The native plants used to reproduce only by birds of the region who ate the small fruit and defecated its seed already scarified. The seedling is very sensitive to the sun, requiring shading until it reaches some maturity. Became prohibited in southern of Brazil during the sixteenth century being considered “the devil’s grass” by Jesuit priests of Reduções do Guairá. From the seventeenth century, they began to encourage its use in order to pull people away from alcohol. Nowadays, there are seed-plot producing seedlings of selected varieties, whose planting is done with special techniques in large orchards. In order to make the annual harvest of the branches easier, the tree is severely pruned to keep no more than ten feet tall. Thus, it is avoided tall plants that may difficult the harvest of young leaves, considered noble in mate tea infusion.

 

BENEFITS

●   Antioxidant properties
●   Vitamin and Mineral source
●   Stimulates physical and mental activity
●   Improves blood circulation
●   Increases heartbeat
●   Helps digestion system
●   Stimulates muscle regeneration
●   Eliminates muscle cramps
●   Increases muscle strength
●   Eliminates depression state
●   Strengthens nervous system
●   Increases breathing rate
●   Decreases Cholesterol and Triglyceride
●   Helps weight loss

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